Rural Urban Variation in Quality of Life as Push Factor of Migration in Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State
Keywords:Migration, Rural-Urban Variation, infrastructure, Dutsin-ma LGA
The study investigates the Rural-Urban variation in quality of life as a factor of migration in Dutsinma local Government area of Katsina state. The paper examined the nature of quality of life in Dutsinma local government area of Katsina state. The method used in this research involved both qualitative and quantitative data design; a total of 120 questionnaires was administered to the sample respondents of the study area. The major finding revealed that, 66.7% of the respondents believed that their migration to the study area increases pressure on the available resources. This means that they are being over-stretched thereby leading some of them into extinction. On the other hand, only 32% of the respondents did not observed any change. This implies that since the number of people is continuously increasing while the resources are static, so the more people the more pressure on the already limited resources in the study area. It also implies that too much migration into the study area increases pressure on the available infrastructures, reduces their efficiency, and also leads to their decay. Therefore, since this phenomenon cannot completely be stopped, it should be mitigated and reduced. In conclusion, Security constraints were also observed to contribute to the overall rural-urban migration and as such, needs to be provided in rural areas. The study recommends infrastructural development such as hospital and clinics, schools, pipe-borne water sources, electricity and other infrastructural facilities in rural areas to tame the tide of migration in the study area, and to keep rural dwellers away from migration in search for better life.
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