Open Access Statement

All publications on Gusau International Journal of Management and Social Sciences are licensed by Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. However, authors retain copyright and full publication rights.