Perception of Intimate Partner Violence by Residents of Enerhen Community, Warri, Delta State
Keywords:Intimate Partner, Perception, Social Workers, Slums, Violence
Intimate partner violence is a serious social problem that violates women's rights and is acknowledged as a serious health issue that harms women's well-being and has a significant negative impact on their physical, reproductive, and mental health. Han and Choi (2021), cited World Health Organization (2005), stated that more than 75% of violence against women is allegedly caused by an intimate male partner. This inhumane act is widespread throughout all groups, societies, and nations and, if it is not properly addressed, can result in an unbalanced state and marital dissolution among family members, which will contribute to further societal decadence. To this end, this study examined the perception of intimate partner violence by residents of Enerhen Community, Warri, Delta State. In this study, the social learning theory put forward by Bandura (1986) was used. The study especially looked into the types, causes, and manifestations of intimate partner violence in the study area, as well as the function that social workers play in putting a stop to this scourge. The population of the study was 340,600, and the study also used a survey research design. Using the sample size method developed by Krejcie & Morgan (1970), a sample size of 400 research participants was selected for the study. An interview guide and a structured and semistructured questionnaire were utilized to collect information from the participants. The analysis' findings demonstrated that the area under study has a high rate of intimate partner violence as a result of poverty, unemployment, persistent marital conflicts, availability of drugs, and slums. Pre-marital counselling is advocated, according to the research, so that future spouses may get to know one another better before getting married and learn how to handle some of the issues that can cause conflicts. Additionally, society has to be made aware of the possibility of IPV in males to stop stigmatizing such victims and encourage open dialogue between male and female victims.
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